An industrial vacuum cleaner is an indispensable tool for janitors, maintenance workers, carpenters, and other trades people or facilities who are trying to keep their workspace clean and limit the presence of dust in the air.
In woodworking shops, metal fabrication plants, and other industrial facilities where a constant flow of dust and debris is a problem, an industrial vacuum is the only solution to maintain air quality and cleanliness. The basic types of industrial vacuums include:
Continuous duty vacuums: As the name would suggest, these are designed to operate for 24 hours a day with little to no interruption. Continuous duty vacuums are built with large collection enclosures that are easy to empty and replace so that there is no need for a long interruption during operation. HEPA vacuum cleaners are a good example of a continuous vacuum since they must be run constantly in manufacturing centers to help remove harmful contaminants and debris from the air. Read More…
Auto vacuums: Auto vacuums can be made to process wet or dry material and usually have a very high capacity. The most common use of an auto vacuum is for cleaning cars. However, they are also used during renovations and even in some industrial workplaces. A residential or commercial central-vac system is essentially a huge auto vacuum that makes it easy to clean different areas of a building and send all of the debris to one place.
Portable vacuums: A portable vacuum is a very mobile and flexible solution that works well in applications where the cleanup needs are always changing. Sometimes portable vacuums can be worn as backpacks, pushed on wheels, or built into portable canisters.
Unlike a sweeper that can actually send more dust into the air, a vacuum cleaner removes dust without being too labor intensive. No matter what material you need to dispose of, most vacuums can be configured to process it. Some are even made specifically for fine powders or hazardous and abrasive media that must be removed from a space.
In certain applications, a vacuum can even be used to reclaim and recycle excess materials that were wasted during manufacturing.
A vacuum is often the best way to collect, store and reuse fine particles that would be hard to clean up with any other equipment.
The basic operation of a vacuum is very simple. A vacuum cleaner employs a fan (sometimes several fans) to lower the nearby air pressure. This area of lowered air pressure attracts debris. As a small highly pressurized region of air is exposed to dust and debris, it draws it in with an amount of force that is related to the power of vacuum itself. Obviously, a large industrial vacuum will be much more powerful than a small portable one.
Some portable vacuums have filters or bags or even removable containers to collect dirt. More than one filter may be used in a system to enhance air quality and improve the performance of the vacuum. If a surface like carpet is being cleaned, a rotating brush or some other kind of agitator helps to draw dirt and dust towards the depressurized area.
Industrial Vacuum Cleaners—a Buying Guide
Since industries have diversified, cleaning equipment has also become specialized. A single vacuum, such as car wash equipment, cannot handle all requirements, even when wet and dry applications are separated. For various purposes, from protection of equipment to fluid management to air quality, different types of industrial vacuum cleaners are used. Plant and facility equipment are designed to carry out a specialized task. They are used extensively to comply with plant safety, to preserve product quality, for air pollution control, and to extend the lifespan of equipment and materials used in manufacturing settings.
Here, we will talk about the specifications of vacuums for various applications.
For Fine Dust
For this purpose, you do not need a powerful vacuum cleaner but one with a large filter surface area. There is one exception though; vacuuming metal dust needs power as well as large surface area.
You need to consider:
The hose length based on application
The filtering system; the vacuum should trap dust and not let it go in significant amount back into the environment
If the dust is explosive, then select an explosion-proof vacuum cleaner.
Mixture of Dust and Larger Particles
Choose a model that has all the properties of a fine dust vacuum cleaner fitted with a mechanical pre-filter, also known as a cyclone, which prevents damage to the filter by the large particles.
You need to consider:
The motor of the vacuum should be powerful
The large filter surface area prevents the premature saturation of the filter
Consider continuous duty vacuums if used during operation
The most important factor is the power of vacuum; it should be powerful with higher collection capacity, shop vacuum cleaners will not serve the purpose.
Pre-filtration system is not important
The power of the device must complement the diameter and length of the hose.
If used in explosion risk area, go for explosion proof vacuums.
For cleaning sludge, which is commonly water based, central vacuum systems are typically used.
The quantity of material should be considered
Have an adequate disposal system, supplemented with a tilting chassis and drainage hose attachment
If liquid turns into foam, a nylon filter should be fitted
Liquids That Have Chemicals, like Cleaning Agents
A high-performance vacuum should be used. Do not just consider the wattage; the right determinant of a performance is a ratio of vacuum pressure to airflow.
The vacuum should be fitted with a stainless steel container
If media is corrosive, the media should be analyzed
According to OSHA, many industries are at risk for a combustible dust explosion. To ward off this threat, OSHA recommends the use of explosion-proof vacuums while collecting hazardous classed dust as a part of a plant maintenance program.
Choose a pneumatic vacuum cleaner
All components—from the shell to the motor, switches, and filters—should be made from non-sparking materials
Certified by an accreditation authority
Extremely Fine Dust
When you need an extremely clean air, high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters are used. This filter specially made to remove 99.97% of particles of size of 0.3 micron.
The filters should be fitted only after the motor
For a peak operation of HEPA vacuums, it should be installed with a multi-stage filtration system
Different Types of Home Vacuum Cleaners
For homes, offices, commercial buildings, and industrial vacuum cleaners are an essential utility to help keep interior environments dust-free. Apart from dust, vacuum cleaners also remove allergens and pollutants that can pose a risk to personal health. Vacuum cleaners generally improve the quality of air, creating a safer and more hygienic for individuals.
There are different varieties of vacuum cleaners to meet different purposes and processes. Specifically for residential purposes, the market is full of vacuum cleaners that offer unique features and styling options. Some of the most popular residential vacuum cleaner types are described below.
Canister Vacuum Cleaners
Canister vacuum cleaners have a long rod attached to a canister or container via a flexible hose. The container contains a motor and a receptacle to collect the dust gathered by the vacuum. The canister typically has wheels to ensure ease of use. You can move a canister vacuum from one area to another without having to lift it—you just have to pull or push the machine wherever you want to take it. The biggest benefit of this type of a canister vacuum is that you only need to move the flexible hose and use the control panel for operation.
Upright Vacuum Cleaners
Upright vacuum cleaners are among the best cleaning devices because of their upright orientation. With a strong inlet and exhaust outlet, an upright vacuum can clean areas thick carpeted areas and other tough spots in a house. In addition, upright vacuums have a powerful motor that runs a fan and brings out the dust and debris from the floor to the bag attached to the machine. In some designs, the hose and the bag attachments are made flexible to offer more ease of use.
Handheld Vacuum Cleaners
A hand held vacuum cleaner is a small appliance that is so user-friendly and lightweight that you can pick it up and travel anywhere in your house. With a handheld vacuum, you can reach distant areas such as the corners of furniture, walls, and ceilings. You can also clean your vehicle using these machines. Handheld vacuum cleaners have rotating bristles that help remove the dust and dirt entirely. In comparison to other types of vacuum cleaners, these are more economical and popular amongst household consumers.
Automatic Vacuum Cleaners
An automatic vacuum cleaner is alight weight device that does not need much human intervention for operation. Users just need to feed in the instructions on the console, and the machine starts and begins the cleaning the way it has been programmed. You can select the intensity, the timing, the frequency, and the duration of operation. Additionally, an automatic vacuum cleaner includes a sensor that helps the machine find and avoid the areas that it does not have to clean.
Some other varieties of vacuum cleaners are: electric broom, vacuum stick, and central vacuum cleaning machines.